EVM machine is in use during Elections since 1982 when it was first used in the by-election of Kerala. Since its first use, EVM machine has not only saved a lot of time but also the money for Election Commission of India.
Results of voting now are easy and hassle-free throughout India with much better response time. There are many other benefits too of using EVM machine for elections but every now and then there is a question raised on their credibility.
Every time there is a question raised these Indian manufactured voting machines came out clean. Most of the time questions raised are by the political party who are on losing side.
Is EVM Machine Tamper Proof?
In its January 17, 2012, Judgement Delhi High Court clearly, says that these machines are not foolproof.
It’s because a good amount of manufacturing part is outsourced by the election commission of India. This outsourcing part of EVM machine is called the micro-controller which are manufactured in Japan. Due to this, Election Commission of India does not hold the patent of the EVM Machine.
Court also gave the reference of the German Federal Constitutional Court rule in 2009. In the rule, use of EVMs has been stopped in Germany, but that was more of their constitutional limitation than technical.
Till date there is not even a single case of tempering is proved in India against EVM machine. Hence, we can consider these as Tamper proof till a complaint is registered and proved.
In past, tampering issue was raised in the High Courts of Madras (Chennai) 2001, Delhi – 2004, Karnataka – 2004, Kerala -2002 and Bombay (Mumbai)-2004. Every time technological soundness and administrative measures taken for the safeguard of this EVM machine were praised.
Peoples also raised the question of hacking or introducing a virus into the EVM machine. None of said is possible in EVM as they are not connected to the internet be it wireless or wired. Hence no question of hacking or bug is likely for these.
But again, this doesn’t mean that EVM machine is damage proof too. These can be damaged physically, however, these machines are a two part system, damage to a machine do not put impact to the vote already cast.
How EVM Machine Works?
The software used for (OTP) one-time programmable chip of EVM is an in-house development by the defence Ministry of India.
As mentioned earlier this voting machine is a two piece system known as Balloting unit which is used for voting and the second one as the control unit. Both of these pieces are then attached to each other with a cable.
The respective polling both office keeps the control unit with him where another part is used by the public for casting their vote.
EVM machine is a battery powered equipment hence there is no limitation of the usage anywhere. Each machine has its limitation of recording 3840 of maximum votes with fitting in 64 candidates.
Once a vote is cast there is no looking back or an option of casting another vote by same person due to its lock system.
Upon closed for voting, control unit then reaches to the counting centre as per the schedule of elections. There just by pressing the result button votes are shown for each EVM machine into system.
How is Indian Voting System benefited?
Cost wise, time wise and manpower wise these EVM machine are blessing to the Election Commission of India. It’s also cut down the budget for storing the traditional ballot papers and the number of peoples counting the paper votes.
Transportation of these is done in a secure vehicle which is much easier compared to the transportation of paper votes. At the vote counting centre counting is now taking one single day for the complete state thus making result announcement faster than ever.
Its fifteen year of shelf life makes its ROI on positive side compared to the paper votes casting during earlier elections.
Final words, the rancor against EVM machine is nothing but a political agenda of losing side. The benefits of EVM machine is proved in past and during current elections and in my opinion, there is no need to go back to the old system.